Portable fire extinguishers



Portable fire extinguishers weigh a maximum of 20kg and contain a minimum of 1kg of extinguishing agent. They are not difficult to use, but the threshold to using one may be high if you have not practised putting out a fire with a portable extinguisher before a potential real-life fire. Rescue departments and associations, NGOs and many training organisations provide safety training where you can practise the use of portable fire extinguishers and other fire extinguishing equipment under professional guidance.


Portable fire extinguishers are sold by retailers including hardware stores, supermarket hardware departments, car accessory dealers and specialised outlets.



Check your portable fire extinguisher at least once a year if stored in an environment where it is subjected to factors affecting its functionality, such as humidity, vibration, temperature changes or below-zero temperatures. In other cases remember to check your portable fire extinguisher every two years.


Occupants of residential property must ensure that the fire extinguishing equipment required by the authorities is in working order and that it has been serviced and inspected as appropriate.


Portable fire extinguishers are serviced and inspected by portable fire extinguisher outlets.



Contact a portable fire extinguisher outlet for information about how to dispose of your extinguishers. Pressure-bearing portable fire extinguishers must not be put in the normal rubbish bin. Once empty, portable fire extinguishers constitute metal waste. A portable fire extinguisher is empty when its valve and contents have been removed.


  • There are several types of powder available, but the most common ones, i.e. ABC powders, are suitable for almost all types of fire, such as those involving solid materials, liquids and gases.
  • These provide the most efficient extinguishing power in relation to their size.
  • Operating distance around 3m.



  • The extinguishing liquid used is usually a water-based foam that is suitable for almost all types of fire, such as those involving solid materials and liquids.
  • There require less post-fire cleaning measures than dry powder extinguishers.
  • Operating distance around 3m.
  • Check the user instrutions label for tolerance to sub-zero temperatures and usability for putting out fires on electrical appliances.


  • Suitable for liquid and electrical fires.
  • The extinguishing agent is heavier than air and comes out at a temperature of around –76°C. Make sure you take these potential hazards into account when using the extinguisher.
  • Operating distance around 1m.
  • After extinguishing the fire, it is safest to get out of the room, as the carbon dioxide concentration has risen.