Fineness and markings required for articles of precious metals (gold, silver, platinum and palladium) in Finland are laid down in legislation. As a rule, precious metal items must carry markings that specify the manufacturer and material. This, however, does not apply to very light items: a gold, platinum or palladium article weighing 1 gram or under can be placed on the market without any regulated markings, while the weight limit for silver is 10 grams.
There are still very many countries in the world that do not have legislation or market supervision regarding precious metal articles, which means the purchase of such products abroad always takes place more or less at the buyer's own risk.
Online trade and trade between private persons are governed by the same legislation as other trading. The seller is responsible for ensuring product compliance with Finnish legislation. There is no Finnish legislation governing gemstones or pearls.
Finenesses in Finland
Finenesses and voluntary background shapes approved in Finland.
The fineness of a precious metal is indicated on the mark in thousandths of mass. For example, 585 means the article contains 58.5% of gold and the remainder consists of different alloys. Read more…
Precious metals sold in Finland must carry either a Tukes-registered responsibility mark and a fineness mark or a hallmark and a fineness mark. There may also be other markings.
- Fineness marks
- The responsibility mark indicates the importer, manufacturer or retailer of the precious metal article.
- Examples of responsibility marks:
C HOT RURU
KuKa aari K:lin
You can search for information about responsibility marks registered in Finland at the register of responsibility marks maintained by Tukes
- The hallmark tells you that the article has been inspected and meets the requirements set in precious metals legislation.
The Finnish hallmark.
There are enterprises that buy gold articles to recover and recycle the material. These buyers are only interested in the gold fineness of the item and therefore pay considerably less for a piece of jewellery with a fineness of 375 than one with a fineness of 750.
It is a good idea that you weigh your gold item before selling it so you can assess the buyer's bid as the buyer will make an offer to you on the basis of the gold's fineness and weight. It is also a good idea to compare the prices offered by several different buyers. Read more about weighing instruments…
If a piece of jewellery contains precious stones or is, for example, an antique item, you may get a better price by selling it to a retailer or at an auction.
The most common cause of allergic reactions in jewellery is nickel. In precious metal jewellery nickel is used as an alloy in some white gold articles. You should always ask the seller whether a product contains nickel. In non-precious metal jewellery the use of nickel is common. Read more…
Allergies can also be caused by metals other than nickel. You can even be allergic to gold, although this is very rare. You should always take good care of keeping your jewellery clean to avoid unnecessary mechanical irritation to your skin.
Gold articles can cause skin discolouration. This does not mean their gold fineness is not correct. Discolouration can be caused by many reasons, including the following:
- When you wear a piece such as chain around your neck, the links may rub against each other, releasing small metal particles that cause skin discolouration.
- Discolouration may be caused by external environmental factors. In warm maritime climates chlorides released from seawater may strengthen skin's normal chloride effect and stain a piece of jewellery. This effect can also be caused by emissions from a nearby factory, cosmetics or cleaning chemicals.
- Dark discolourations may appear on a piece of jewellery because of air pollution and sulphur compounds, and these may cause skin discolouration.
- Dust from cosmetics or powder used on skin may act like sandpaper in dry and dusty environments and release small metal particles from jewellery.
- Medication can result in changes in the contents of the skin's normal secretion and cause skin discolouration.
There are various kinds of silver and gold clay masses on the market for creating your own jewellery. Because masses are considered as raw material they do not fall within the scope of the Act and Decree on Articles on Precious Metals. But if you manufacture a real product from the mass and bring it into the market, you will be responsible to take care that the product carries all the marks prescribed by law. You should also make sure of the fineness of the product before putting it up for sale. Nevertheless, jewellery made exclusively for own use does not need any markings.