There are currently almost 100,000 different types of electrical appliance on the market in Finland. Most of these are appliances that are connected to the power supply using a plug.
Electrical appliances come with a user and maintenance manual. Make sure you follow these instructions and also keep the manuals for later reference. The user manual teaches you how to use the appliance correctly and how to get more benefit out of it. Maintenance in accordance with the instructions provided makes the appliance last longer, reduces the risk of fire and prevents the deterioration of the appliance's properties. If you detect a fault or malfunction in an appliance, have it fixed right away. If you cannot find servicing instructions in the manual, take the appliance to a qualified professional. Electrical appliances may be repaired by electrical installation and maintenance outlets registered by Tukes.
Make sure you follow any restrictions set in the user manual for the place of use and ambient temperature. For example, the minimum temperature for the premises where a freezer should be placed is usually +10° C. This means the manufacturer cannot guarantee the safety or functioning of an appliance placed in non-heated premises in the winter.
You should pay particular attention to electrical safety outdoors. All electrical appliances used outdoors must always have protective insulation or protective earthing or operate on extra-low voltage. The casing of appliances intended for long-term outdoor use must be totally watertight.
Electrical appliances should not be stored in humid conditions. Electrical appliances stored in non-heated premises may be damaged by below-zero temperatures in the winter.
You can take household waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) to a designated collection point free of charge. Electrical and electronic equipment has the WEEE crossed-out wheeled bin symbol , which tells you that the item must not be put in the bin with unsorted waste.
Also remember these:
- Unplug cords from electrical outlets by pulling on the plug instead of the pulling on the cord.
- Monitor the condition of connection and extension cords.
- Never repair electrical cords using ordinary tape, insulation tape or sticking plaster.
- Use extension cord weight appropriate for the job. Avoid using many high-voltage appliances at the same time on one extension cord.
- Do not alter the structure of an extension cord, appliance cord or plug.
- Do not place a cord near a hot surface such as a radiator.
- Avoid chaining several extension cords in a row.
- You must not use an extension cord to bring electricity to a room with a different type of wall sockets than the room in which the extension cord is plugged in.
- If an appliance, its plug or a wall socket has gone black, take the appliance to a professional for servicing.
- When having a bath, shower or swim, make sure electrical appliances are unplugged and do not touch them.
- Do not hang washing to dry on top of a sauna stove or electric heater.
Read more about issues such as markings on electrical appliances, light fittings, etc. in the Home electrical safety guide (in Finnish).
Hazardous electrical appliances
The majority of electrical appliances on the market meet the electrical safety requirements. Hundreds of products with safety defects are, however, found on the market every year, and a few dozen product types that can be lethally hazardous are found every year.
Electrical appliances and equipment sold in Finland are supervised by Tukes. Whenever necessary, tests are commissioned from competent testing laboratories. Safety defects detected in testing can include:
- imminent risk of electric shock or fire caused by an electrical appliance;
- insufficient protection of the product against direct contact; and
- radiation emission that interferes with telecommunication.
If you suspect or know that your electrical appliance does not meet the safety requirements, contact us using this form.