The CE marking is the manufacturer’s declaration that the product is in conformity with the EU requirements that apply to it.
At the moment the CE marking can be found on products including the following:
- electrical appliances;
- personal protective equipment;
- construction products;
- gas appliances;
- telecommunications terminal equipment;
- medical devices.
See the product group specific Tukes pages for more information about these products.
The CE marking is affixed by the product's manufacturer or authorised representative to inform the authorities that the product is in conformity with the essential safety requirements of the applicable directives. The CE marking can usually be affixed to a product without testing conducted by an independent party.
The marking may only be affixed to those product groups that are required to have it. Abuse of the CE marking may result in action by the relevant surveillance authority. The Consumer Safety Act (920/2011) enables the withdrawal of such consumer products from the market that do not have the statutory CE marking or the marking of which is not compliant with the requirements set. The ultimate consequence of abuse of the CE marking is a fine (under the act on violations concerning CE markings, 187/2010).
The CE marking is intended to facilitate the free movement of goods in the European Union’s internal market. The New Approach Directives do not provide detailed product requirements. Instead, they merely provide the essential safety requirements. The CE marking is not a quality label.
CE is an abbreviation of ”Conformité Européenne”, which is French for ’European Conformity’.
The CE marking is not a general safety label
As a rule, the CE marking is not a general safety label or a comprehensive guarantee of safety for consumers. Directives do not cover all features of products, such as usage-related properties. Instead, they only cover certain aspects such as mechanical strength or durability or flammability. The CE marking does not imply any product superiority, either.
The CE marking is mainly intended for the authorities
By affixing the CE marking to a product, the manufacturer gains free movement for the product within the European Economic Area (EEA). The marking is affixed by the manufacturer or the manufacturer’s authorised representative that has imported the product to the EEA. The operator affixing the marking should ensure that the product is in conformity with all the essential requirements set for it in the relevant directive.
Some product groups are subject to type examinations
For some product groups the placement of the CE marking requires a conformity assessment by a third party, a test laboratory acting as a Notified Body. In such cases an example of the product has undergone a type examination and the CE marking indicates that the example assessed met the safety requirements.
Such products intended for consumer use include gas-fuelled household appliances, certain types of machinery (such as car lifts, chainsaws) and personal protective equipment (such as horseriding, cycling and skiing helmets, respiratory protectors).