The conformity of a new lift is governed by the Lifts Directive 2014/33/EU. A new lift must conform to the essential health and safety requirements laid down in the directive. The Lifts Directive has been transposed into Finnish law by the Act on Lifts and Safety Components for Lifts (1134/2016), and the essential health and safety requirements in the Government Decree on Lifts and Safety Components for Lifts.
A new lift is considered to conform to the essential health and safety requirements when the lift has been constructed in compliance with the harmonised European standards for lifts. There are currently 16 harmonised standards for lifts, with standard SFS-EN 81-20 being the basic standard.
A new lift can also be constructed in deviation from the standards, but in such a case it must be shown, e.g. by means of risk assessment, that the technological solution deviating from the standards provides a safety level equivalent to the requirements of the standards.
Before the placement of a new lift on the market, the installer must carry out on the lift the conformity assessment and verification procedures set out in the Lifts Directive. In Finland, the most frequently used conformity assessment procedures are the final inspection for lifts bearing an EU-type examination certificate (Annexes IV and V) and the conformity assessment procedure based on unit verification for lifts not bearing an EU-type examination certificate (Annex VIII). The inspections are carried out by notified bodies.
Once the conformity of the lift has been verified, also in terms of the essential health and safety requirements, the installer affixes a CE marking on the lift and issues a declaration of conformity for the lift.
The safety requirements in effect at the time of construction are applicable to the existing lifts. The safety of existing lifts installed prior to the Lifts Directive 95/16/EC coming into force in 1999 is governed by the previous provisions of national legislation. For example, an existing lift taken into use in 1995 is subject to the Lift Regulations A8-1994 issued by the Inspection Centre for Electrical Appliances. The previous national statutes and regulations are available on the Tukes website.
Any new structural or other subsystems installed to the lift must conform to the technical specifications of the requirements currently in effect.