In Finland, there are about 60,000 lifts in use, transporting over five billion passengers annually.
Who is responsible for the safety of lifts?
The ultimate responsibility for the safety of a lift taken into use lies with the possessor of the lift. The possessor means the owner or possessor of the building in which a lift is permanently installed, typically represented e.g. in housing companies by the chairman of the board or the property manager. The possessor's statutory obligations comprise e.g. having the lift duly serviced, repaired and inspected as well as organising emergency evacuation from the lift.
The lift maintenance company is responsible for servicing the lift appropriately in accordance with the maintenance programme issued. The maintenance company is responsible for ensuring that the lift is in compliance with the statutory requirements after the completion of maintenance tasks and repairs. Periodic inspections on lifts are carried out by the accredited bodies approved by Tukes.
The installer of a new lift is responsible for the safety of the lift supplied. A new lift is placed on the market following the procedures under the Lifts Directive 2014/33/EU, and the lift must conform to the essential health and safety requirements laid down in the directive.
Tukes develops and supervises lift safety
Tukes acts as the competent supervision authority under the Act on Lifts and Safety Components for Lifts (1134/2016). The provisions of the Act on Lifts and Safety Components for Lifts govern e.g. the maintenance, repairs, alterations and inspections of lifts as well as the performance of work related to lifts. The Act on Lifts and Safety Components for Lifts was enacted to transpose into national law the Lifts Directive 2014/33/EU (recast), which governs new lifts and imposes various obligations on the economic operators active in the supply and distribution chain of lifts and safety components for lifts. Under the Lifts Directive, Tukes acts as the national market surveillance authority in Finland.
Tukes supervises the activities of lift installers, safety components manufacturers, lift maintenance companies and the accredited inspection bodies carrying out inspections on lifts. Tukes issues guidelines on lift safety, is actively engaged in the preparation of new statutes and regulations, and organises vocational qualification exams on lift safety.
Apart from passenger lifts, Tukes supervises also the operational safety of various types of equipment falling in the sphere of application of the Machinery Directive, e.g. escalators, travelators and motorised lifting doors.