The European Union Directive on Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) (2011/65/EU) restricts the use of cadmium, lead, mercury, hexavalent chromium, polybrominated biphenyls (PBB) and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE) in electrical and electronic equipment. In spring 2015, the Commission published the delegated Directive (EU) 2015/863 on the addition of bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), butyl benzyl phthalate (BBP), dibutyl phthalate (DBP) and diisobutyl phthalate (DIBP) to the list of hazardous substances restricted by the RoHS Directive. The purpose of the Directive is to protect human health and the environment, and the reduction of the harmfulness of waste. It also aims to promote the utilisation and final treatment of waste electrical and electronic equipment in a manner protecting the environment.
Following the transition periods, the requirements of the Directive will apply to all electrical and electronic equipment not explicitly exempted from the scope of application. The requirements apply to e.g. household appliances, IT equipment, consumer electronics, lighting fixtures, electrical tools, leisure equipment, toys, healthcare equipment, monitoring and control instruments, and automatic dispensers. The conformity assessment procedure of the RoHS Directive was specified in more detail when the Directive was recast. In the future, the conformity of appliances is verified through internal production control carried out by the manufacturer, including the preparation of technical documents and the EU Declaration of Conformity and marking the product with a CE mark.
The recast RoHS Directive (2011/65/EU) came into effect in July 2011 and was enacted in Finland's national legislation in June 2013, as the Act on Restriction of Hazardous Substances in Electrical and Electronic Equipment (387/2013) and the Decree of the Ministry of the Environment (419/2013) were issued, the latter of which laying down more detailed provisions on restrictions of use and certain exemptions. The Commission's delegated Directive (EU) 2015/863 shall be enacted in national legislation by the end of 2016. Tukes supervises the compliance of the RoHS Act in Finland, with the exception of healthcare equipment which is supervised by Valvira (National Supervisory Authority for Welfare and Health).
More about the RoHS Directive