The requirements for electrical products stem from the EU Directives, Regulations and Decisions, and national legislation. The European Parliament and the Council of Europe issue Directives that all Member States of the EU are obligated to enact as part of their own national legislation through national laws and decrees.
The Directives can be consolidated, framework or minimum Directives. The obligations of consolidated Directives are identical in the national legislation of all Member States, but the procedures may be different between Member States. Framework Directives define the goals on a more general level. The EU may later issue more detailed legislation concerning the matter. A minimum Directive sets the minimum requirements that the Member States must follow. Should a Member State so desire, it can make the Directive’s requirements stricter in its national laws and decrees. The Regulations and Decisions of the European Union, however, are directly applicable legislation that comes into effect in the Member States as such.
The manufacturers of electrical products must see to it that their products conform to the requirements before they are placed on the market, and the importers must ensure that the manufacturer has fulfilled its obligations. In addition to financial operators, the Directives also place obligations on the Member States of the EU, who define the national market surveillance authorities in their legislation.
Market surveillance refers to the operations of authorities with the purpose of ensuring that products on the market conform to the requirements and do not endanger health, safety or other matters related to the protection of common interests. Surveillance objects comprise entrepreneurs and products, and the related documents.
In Finland, several different surveillance authorities have been appointed under different ministries. For more information on the market surveillance authorities and the product groups they monitor, see the website of the Ministry of Employment and the Economy.
In addition to many other product groups, the Finnish Safety and Chemicals Agency (Tukes) supervises the safety, electromagnetic compatibility, hazardous substances and energy efficiency of electrical equipment. It also supervises batteries and accumulators, and the markings of electrical equipment. Tukes publishes information on dangerous and non-conformant electrical products on its website.
Tukes acts in international cooperation with other Nordic and European market surveillance authorities. Links to registers of hazardous products published by different authorities and the European Commission: