Biocides are chemical substances, preparations or micro-organisms intended to destroy, deter, render harmless, prevent the action of or otherwise exert a controlling effect on any harmful organism by chemical or biological means. Biocides include skin and surface disinfectants, pesticides, industrial preservatives and antifouling products used on vessels. Biocidal products are divided into 23 different product types based on their use. Pesticides in agriculture, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, food and food additives are not classified as biocides.
Biocidal products must be authorised by the appropriate authorities before they can be sold, used, imported or stored.
In Finland applications for authorisation must be submitted to Tukes. Authorisation requests can only be made by enterprises or their representatives that have a permanent office within the European Community, Norway or Switzerland.
The procedure followed in the authorisation of biocidal products is laid down in Directive 98/8/EC of the European Parliament and the Council concerning the placing of biocidal products on the market. In Finland provisions regarding biocides are included in chemicals legislation.
Biocidal products are authorised separately by each Member State, while the active substances used in them are authorised at the Community level. The Commission maintains lists of active substances permitted for inclusion in Annex I and IA and a list of non-inclusion decisions. Click here for a list of products authorised for use in Finland in accordance with the Biocidal Products Directive.
Under national provisions in force in Finland, national authorisation must be acquired for wood preservatives, paper industry slimicides, insecticides and insect repellents, rodenticides and antifouling products before their placement on the Finnish market.