Transport of dangerous goods


Transports subject to the regulations on transport of dangerous goods are needed for many raw materials and products used at production plants and storages. Fuels and gases also fall within the scope of the transports. A variety of products is also transported for industry and directly to retail sale. Apart from many ordinary consumer products, dangerous goods are transported for the needs of agriculture, forestry and construction sites. Most of the transported products are fuel oils and traffic fuels, explosives accounting for approx. 2 % of the total volume of transportation.  

Tanks and packaging used in the transport of dangerous goods shall fulfil the chemical-specific technical requirements to ensure their contents do not pose a risk to people, property or the environment, including in the event of an accident. Tukes monitors the conformity of packaging and tanks used for transportation in Finland.

Legislation and regulations on tanks and packaging (Finland and EU)


  • Act on Transport of Dangerous Goods (719/1994, as amended latest by 1095/2014)
  • Government Decree on the Transport of Dangerous Goods by Road (194/2002, as amended latest by 125/2015)
  • Decree of the Ministry of Transport and Communications on the Transport of Dangerous Goods by Rail (195/2002, as amended latest by 126/2015)
  • Directive 2010/35/EU on transportable pressure equipment
  • Government Decree on Proving the Conformity of Packaging, Tanks and Bulk Containers for Transport of Dangerous Goods and the Related  Inspection Bodies  (124/2015)

Finnish Transport Safety Agency's (Trafi) Regulations on classification, packaging, documents, vehicle approval and accessories, driving permit, limited transport amounts, and markings required for waybill, packaging and vehicle/carriage:

  • Regulation TRAFI/586/
  • Regulation TRAFI/588/ 

Classification of dangerous goods for transport


Class 1

Explosives (civil explosives, fireworks)

Class 2

Gases (carbon dioxide, acetylene, liquefied petroleum gas)

Class 3

Flammable liquids (petrol, diesel, alcohols)

Class 4.1

Flammable solids, self-reactive substances and solid desensitised explosives (naphthalene, sulphur)

Class 4.2

Substances liable to spontaneous combustion (phosphorus, calcium sulphide)

Class 4.3

Substances which, in contact with water, emit flammable gases (calcium hydride, aluminium powder, lithium)

Class 5.1

Oxidising substances (sodium chloride, sodium peroxide, hydrogen peroxide)

Class 5.2

Organic peroxides (peracetic acid)

Class 6.1

Toxic substances (arsenic compounds, lead(II) acetate, pesticides)

Class 6.2

Infectious substances

Class 7

Radioactive substances

Class 8

Corrosive substances (formic acid, sulphuric acid, sodium hydroxide)

Class 9

Miscellaneous dangerous substances and articles (lithium metal batteries, environmentally hazardous substances)

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